Question: Are you able to please describe how dye sublimation printing works? What sort of printer can be used? Would it be just like heat transfer printing?
Answer: Wow! All great and related inquiries to the dye sub as well as heat transfer printing of fabric, among the best strategies to print fabric along with other items, even though this answer will deal mostly with polyester fabric.
First, the two main kinds of heat transfer paper. One uses ribbon so transfer color to a transfer paper, along with the other is identical basic printing method as digital printing except you will find differences between ink and dye. As well as the same printers can be utilized, although not interchangeably as a result of differences between dyes and ink.
Inkjet printing uses, typically, what is known the “four color process” printing method. The four colors may also be known in shorthand as CMYK ink colors. CMYK represents Cyan-Magenta, Yellow, and Black, which in almost any combination will print virtually any color, not including neon colors or metallic colors, but most colors within the photo spectrum.
Due to limitations of CMYK inks, additional colors happen to be put into some printers which can be now referred to as 6 color digital printers, having added a light cyan and a light magenta to attain several of the harder colors to create within the printing process. Some printers have even added orange and green cartridges also.
Dye sublimation printing is slightly different. The dyes used are similar to ink, though with some differences. The ink looking for dye sub printing can be another four color process (commonly known in shorthand as 4CP), but the shorthand version the following is CMYO, or cyan-magenta-yellow-overprint clear. Where may be the black, you might wonder? It could be hard to generate a full color spectrum without black!
To clarify where black went, or rather better, where it comes from in CMYO dye sublimation printing, I need to delve into the rest of the way it operates. As stated previously, an ordinary 4CP inkjet printer is necessary to print dyes as well, however the dye needs to be printed with a treated paper cleverly named “transfer paper.”
A picture is printed in reverse (or mirror printed) on the neon sublimation ink. The paper is matched as much as a component of fabric. The fabric can not be an organic fiber due to process which will be explained momentarily. The material typically used more often than not is polyester because it is a versatile fiber that can be made to appear to be everything from an oil canvas to your sheer fabric to your double-sided knit material which can be made in a double-sided flag or banner.
As soon as the paper is matched to the fabric, it can be run through heated rollers at high-pressure. The rollers are heated to just under 400 degrees Fahrenheit or 210 degrees Celsius. Since the fabric passes through the heated rollers, a couple of things happen. First, the pores or cells from the poly-fabric start, while simultaneously the dye about the paper is transformed into a gaseous state. The gas impregnates the open cells which close as they leave the heated rollers. This generates a continuous tone print which should not be achieved having an printing device as a result of dot pattern laid down from the inkjets.
If an item for example plastic or aluminum is coated having a special polymeric coating, these products can also be printed. Besides banners and posters and flags, other things that happen to be commonly dexupky33 with dye sublimation heat transfer printing are clothing items such as T-shirts, table covers, sportswear, ID cards, and signs.
Some advantages to heat transfer film would be that the image is a part of the fabric, so it doesn’t peel off like ink at first glance of fabric or another materials and may not fade for several years. The dye cannot develop on fabric like t-shirts either. Everyone had worn a printed shirt where ink felt like it was very stiff on the outside from the material, and over time it will start to flake off. This will likely not occur with dye sublimation.
Other advantages are the colors could be more brilliant than other sorts of printing as a result of procedure of dye sublimation as well as the continuous tones that are achieved as soon as the dye converts to your gaseous state. Because in printing garments the material is printed just before the shirt or jacket is constructed, the photo can check out the side of the material which is not achievable typically with screen printed shirts.